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姓 名:
 王洪铸
性 别:
 男
职 称:
 研究员
学 历:
 研究生
电 话:
 86-27-68780719
电子邮件:
 wanghz@ihb.ac.cn

简历:

  王洪铸,男,1967年生,研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院水生生物研究所淡水生态学研究中心主任,底栖生物生态与分类学学科组组长,湖北省海洋湖沼学会理事长,国际湖沼学会(SIL)区域与会议委员会委员。1995年获中国科学院水生生物研究所理学博士学位,同年留所工作。1992-1993年参加中国第九次南极考察队。2000-2001年赴瑞典自然历史博物馆合作研究。曾任第12(2004)和第15(2012)国际河流与湖泊环境会议组委会秘书长、第10届国际水栖寡毛类学术会议(2006)等会议召集人。发表论著100余篇,其中SCI源刊论文40余篇、专著1部。(详情见:http://benthos.ihb.ac.cn/Publi.w.en.htm 

   主要学术成绩: 

  1、 开展长江泛滥平原生物多样性整体保护相关的科学基础研究:系统阐明了江湖水文连通度与泛滥平原湖泊生态系统的关系,发现在中等程度的水文连通度下不仅湖泊的物种多样性达到最大,而且总体生物量同时达到最大;估算了通江湖泊的最小保护面积,这是国际上关于泛滥平原保护面积估算的首例研究,也是首次提出累积种数-面积模型更适用于连通度高的保护区网络设计;系统研究了湖泊水生植物对水位波动的需求,建立了优势种类水位波动需求模型,提出湖泊生态水位评估的新方法。 

  2、 开展湖泊富营养化和稳态转换研究:对经典的氮磷比假说提出了质疑,并证明只控磷就可控制藻类总量;确定了湖泊清浊稳态转换的总磷阈值及其变化规律,发现中等水深范围内总磷阈值基本不变,而不同地带多数浅水湖泊总磷阈值大致相等;指出了清-浊和浊-清转换浊度阈值的不一致性;阐明了亚热带浅水湖泊的稳态转换机制,指出亚热带湖泊与温带湖泊不同,该区域沉水植被不能为浮游动物提供有效的庇护场所从而抑制浮游藻类,但可通过降低营养可利用性和抑制沉积物再悬浮维持清水稳态;通过全生态系统模拟实验发现,自然湖泊中低磷条件下高氮不会对沉水植物生长造成明显的负面效应。向国家提交了题为蓝藻水华治理应放宽控氮、集中控磷,以大幅度降低污水处理成本的建议。 

  3、 开展水生无脊椎动物分类学研究:记述寡毛类环节动物新种54种、淡水纽虫1新属新种以及软体动物1新种,改变了中国线蚓科种类贫乏的观点,揭示了云南及西藏寡毛类区系的独特性,对膨管蚓属进行了系统分类整理。  

  主要研究内容:  

  1、 河流-泛滥平原生态学:分析水文情势变化对大型河流及其附属湿地的影响,开展环境水流需求研究,提出长江、黄河等大型河流 - 泛滥平原生态系统的整体修复和保护对策。 

  2、 湖泊富营养化与稳态转换:确证富营养化的关键控制因子(磷或磷 + 氮?),研究亚热带浅水湖泊稳态转换的机制与阈值,从多尺度揭示高氮的生态效应,提出宏观可行、经济实用的富营养化治理对策。 

  3、 生物监测与生态健康评价:开展河流与湖泊生态系统监测,构建生态系统健康的诊断评价指标体系,为生态系统适应性管理提供科学依据。 

  4、 无脊椎动物学:寡毛类等动物分类,现侧重于青藏、云贵等高原地区;贝类、水生昆虫等底栖动物生态学。 


研究方向:

  无脊椎动物学、 河流-泛滥平原生态学 


专家类别:

职务:

社会任职:

获奖及荣誉:

  获奖情况:

  1) 1995年获中国科学院院长奖学金优秀奖,1999年获首届全国优秀博士论文奖。

  2) 2001年,获湖北省科技进步奖一等奖(排名第六)。成果名称:湖群规模化养殖技术。

  3) 2005年,获国家科技进步二等奖(排名第四)。成果名称:长江中下游湖群渔业资源调控及高效优质模式。

  4) 2005年入选《武汉科技新秀》。

  5) 2008年,获湖北省优秀博士学位论文指导教师。

  6) 2009年,湖北省科技进步奖一等奖(排名第五)。成果名称:淡水名优水产健康高效养殖技术及产业化示范。

代表论著:

  近期论文: 

  1) 王洪铸,2002。中国小蚓类研究。北京:高等教育出版社,228页。 

  2) Wang H. Z., Q. Q. Xu, Y. D. Cui & Y. L. Liang, 2007. Macrozoobenthic community of Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake of China, in the Yangtze floodplain. Limnology, 8: 65-71. 

  3) Liu X. Q. & H. Z. Wang, 2007. Food composition and dietary overlap of macroinvertebrates in a shallow eutrophic lake in China: spatial and temporal variations. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 168: 71-82.  

  4) Wang H. J., X. M. Liang, P. H. Jiang, J. Wang, S. K. Wu & H. Z. Wang, 2008. TN: TP ratio and planktivorous fish do not affect nutrient-chlorophyll relationships in shallow lakes. Freshwater Biology, 53: 935-944.  

  5) Cui Y. D., X. Q. Liu & H. Z. Wang, 2008. Macrozoobenthic community of Fuxian Lake, the deepest lake of southwest China. Limnologica, 38: 116-125. 

  6) Liu X. Q. & H. Z. Wang, 2008. Food web of benthic macroinvertebrates in a large Yangtze River-connected lake: the role of flood disturbance. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 171/4: 297-309.  

  7) Cui Y. D. & H. Z. Wang, 2008. Ecology of macrozoobenthic communities in two plateau lakes of Southwest China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 26(4): 345-352.  

  8) Wang H. J. & H. Z. Wang, 2009. Mitigation of lake eutrophication: loosen nitrogen control and focus on phosphorus abatement. Progress in Natural Science, 19 (11): 1145-1451.   

  9) Pan B. Z., H. J. Wang, X. M. Liang, H. Z. Wang, 2009. Phytoplankton chlorophyll a in the Yangtze-connected lakes: present state, influencing factors and empirical relationships. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 18 (10): 1894-1900.   

  10) Cui, Y. D. & H. Z. Wang. 2009. Three new species of Tubificidae, Oligochaeta, from two plateau lakes in Southwest China. Zootaxa, 2143: 45–54. 

  11) 王海军和王洪铸,2009。富营养化治理应放宽控氮,集中控磷。自然科学进展,196):599-604 

  12) 赵伟华,王海军,王洪铸,刘学勤。2009。淡水螺类去壳干重和无灰干重的换算方法。应用生态学报,20 (6): 1452-1458 

  13) 舒凤月,王海军,刘学勤,王洪铸。2009。长江中下游湖泊贝类物种濒危状况评估。水生生物学报,336):84-91 

  14) Liu, X. Q. & H. Z. Wang, 2010. Estimation of minimum area requirement of river-connected lakes for fish diversity conservation in the Yangtze River floodplain. Diversity and Distributions, 16: 932-940.  

  15) He, X. B., Y. D. Cui & H. Z. Wang, 2010. Limnodrilus simplex sp. nov. (Oligochaeta: Naididae: Tubificinae) from Changjiang River, China. Zoological Science, 27: 768-770. 

  16) Shu, F. Y., F. Köhler& H. Z. Wang, 2010. On the shell and radular morphology of two endangered species of the genus MargaryaNevill, 1877 (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) from lakes of the Yunnan Plateau, Southwest China. Molluscan Research 30 (1): 17-24. 

  17) 闫福桂,王海军,王洪铸,张堂林,李为。2010。藻型浅水湖泊小型底栖动物的群落特征及生态地位探讨。水生生物学报,343):634-638 

  18) Pan, B.Z., H. J. Wang, X. M. Liang & H. Z. Wang, 2011.Macrozoobenthos in Yangtze floodplain lakes: patterns of density, biomass, and production in relation to river connectivity. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 30(2): 589-602.  

  19) Zhao, W. H., H. J. Wang, H. Z. Wang & P. G. Close, 2011. Macroinvertebrates in the bed sediment of the Yellow River. International Journal of Sediment Research, 26:  255-268.  

  20) 何雪宝,崔永德,刘学勤,王洪铸,2011。贝加尔湖沿岸带不同生境底栖动物群落研究。水生生物学报,353):516-522  

  21) 姜苹红,崔永德,王海军,王洪铸,2011。汉阳湖群底栖动物群落及其对环境质量的指示。长江流域资源与环境,205):525-533.   

  22) Cui, Y. D. & H. Z. Wang. 2012. Three new species of Potamothrix (Oligochaeta, Naididae, Tubificinae) from Fuxian Lake, the deepest lake of Yunnan Province, Southwest China.Zookeys, 175: 1–17. 

  23) Cui, Y. D. & H. Z. Wang. 2012. Two new species of Potamothrix (Oligochaeta: Tubificinae) from plateau lakes of Yunnan Province, Southwest China.Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 125(1): 12-17. 

  24) Ohtaka A., S.R. Gelder, M. Nishino, M. Ikeda, H. Toyama, Y. D. Cui, X. B. He,H. Z. Wang, R. B. Chen & Z. Y. Wang. 2012. Distributions of two ectosymbionts, branchiobdellidans (Annelida: Clitellata) and scutariellids (Platyhelminthes: “Turbellaria”: Temnocephalida), on atyid shrimp (Arthropoda: Crustacea) in southeast China. Journal of Natural History, 46: 25-26, 1547-1556.  

  25) He, X. B., Y. D. Cui & H. Z. Wang. 2012. Two new species of Tubificinae (Annelida: Clitellata: Naididae) from Tibet, China. Zootaxa. 3458: 159-165. 

  26) Pan, B. Z., H. J. Wang, H. Z. Wang & Z. Y. Wang. 2012. Macrozoobenthic assemblages in relation to environments of the Yangtze-isolated lakes. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 6(2): 246-254. 

  27) 王洪铸, 2012。湖滨带的基本概念。长江流域资源与环境,21Z2:1-2  

  28) 王洪铸,宋春雷,刘学勤,李堃,2012。巢湖湖滨带概况及环湖岸线和水向湖滨带生态修复方案。长江流域资源与环境,21Z2: 62-68  

  29) Shu, F. Y., F. Köhler, C. C. Fu & H. Z. Wang. 2013. A new species of Gyraulus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) from Ancient Lake Lugu, Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Southwest China. Molluscan Research, 331):34-39.  

  30) 舒凤月,王海军,崔永德,王洪铸。2014。长江流域软体动物的物种多样性及其分布格局。水生生物学报。 

  31) Wang, H. J., H. Z. Wang, X. M. Liang & S. K. Wu, 2014. Total phosphorus thresholds for regime shifts are nearly equal in subtropical and temperate shallow lakes with moderate depths and areas. Freshwater Biology, 59, 1659-1671.  

  32) Wang, H. J.,H.Z .Wang, 2014. Macrophyte effects on algal turbidity in subtropical versus temperate lakes: a reply to Dolman (2014). Freshwater Biology,59: 2659–2660. 

  33) Zhang, X. K., X. Q. Liu & H. Z. Wang, 2014. Developing water level regulation strategies for macrophytes restoration of a large river-disconnected lake, China. Ecological Engineering. 68:25–31. 

  34) Pan, B. Z., H. Z. Wang & H. J. Wang, 2014. A floodplain-scale lake classification based on characteristics ofmacroinvertebrate assemblages and corresponding environmentalproperties. Limnologica,49: 10–17. 

  35) Peng, Y., H. Z. Wang & Y.D. Cui, 2014. Two species of Naididae (Annelida, Clitellata) from southern Tibet, China. ZooKeys, 444: 59–68. 

  36) Pan, B. Z., H. Z. Wang, X. Ban & X. A. Yin, 2014. An exploratory analysis of ecological water requirements of macroinvertebrates in the Wuhan branch of the Yangtze River. Quaternary International, 380:256-261. 

  37) Yu, Q., H. Z. Wang, Y. Li, J. C. Shao, X. M. Liang, E. Jeppesen & H. J. Wang. 2015. Effects of high nitrogen concentrations on the growth of submersed macrophytes at moderate phosphorus concentrations. Water Research, 83, 385-395. 

  38) Martinsson, S., Y. D. Cui, P. J. Martin, A. Pinder, K. Quinlan, M. J. Wetzel & C. Erséus. 2015. DNA-barcoding ofinvasive European earthworms (Clitellata: Lumbricidae) in south-western Australia. Biological Invasions, 17: 2527-2532. 

  39) Zhang, X., X. Liu & H. Wang. 2015. Effects of water level fluctuations on lakeshore vegetation of three subtropical floodplain lakes, China. Hydrobiologia, 747:43-52. 

  40) Pan, B. Z., H. Z. Wang, M. T. Pusch& H. J. Wang. 2015. Macroinvertebrate responses to regime shifts in subtropical shallow lakes caused by eutrophication. Freshwater Science, 34, 34, 942-952. 

  41) Cui, Y. D., X. B. He, Y. Peng & H. Z. Wang, 2015. Records of Naididae and Lumbriculidae (Clitellata) from Tibet, China, with description of a new species of Nais. Zootaxa, 3956 (4): 513-530. 

  42) 王洪铸, 王海军, 刘学勤, 崔永德。2015。实施环境-水文-生态-经济协同管理战略,保护和修复长江湖泊群生态环境。长江流域资源与环境,243):353-357 

  43) Wang, H. J., H. Z. Wang, X. M. Liang, B. Z. Pan & S. Kosten, 2016. Macrophyte species strongly affects changes in C, N and P stocks in shallow lakes after a regime shift from macrophyte to phytoplankton dominance. Inland Waters, 6: 449-450. 

  44) Wang, H. J., Y. Li, W. S. Feng, Q. Yu, X. C. Xiao, X. M. Liang, J. C. Shao, S. N. Ma & H. Z. Wang, 2016. Can short-term, small experiments reflect nutrient limitation on phytoplankton in natural lakes? Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-5251-1. 

  45) Wang, H. J., X. M. Liang & H. Z. Wang. 2016. Sustainable fisheries in shallow lakes: an independent empirical test of the Chinese mitten crab yield model. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6045-1. 

  46) Wang, H. Z., X. Q. Liu & H. J. Wang, 2016. The Yangtze River-Floodplain: Threats and Rehabilitation. Pages 263–291 in Y. Chen, D. C. Chapman, J. R. Jackson, D. Chen, Z. Li, K. J. Kilgore, Q. Phelps, and M. A. Eggleton, editors. Fisheries resources, environment, and conservation in the Mississippi and Yangtze (Changjiang) River basins. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 84, Bethesda, Maryland. 

  47) Liu, X.Q., C.J. Gippel, H. Z. Wang, C. Leigh & X.H. Jiang, 2016. Assessment of the ecological health of heavily utilized, large lowland rivers: example of the lower Yellow River, China. Limnology, 1-13. Online. 

  48) Wang, B. Q., H. Z. Wang& Y. D. Cui, 2016. Pectinatellamagnifica (Leidy, 1851) (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata), a biofouling animal recently introduced to China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6052-2. 

  49) Wang, H. J., C. Xu, H. Z. Wang & S. Kosten, 2016. Long-term density dependent effects of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheirsinensis (H. Milne Edwards, 1854)) on submersed macrophytes. Aquatic Botany. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2016.02.001. 

  50) 王海军,王洪铸,赵伟华,沈亚强,茹辉军和梁小民, 2016。河流泥沙及水流对黄河生态健康的调节作用。水生生物学报,405):294-303 

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